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学术资源与论坛

2020年12月
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1

Register Now: Webinar 5: Urban Data Observatory Framework and ClimateSmart City Assessment Framework in India

来源: CODATA, 2020/6/25

简介: The rapid pace of urbanization in India demands that cities use data in a strategic manner to ensure sustainable and resilient development. This requires an intervention at the city level to facilitate the use of information for decision support through tools like data observatories. Through the research conducted by the Urban Resilience Unit, we can infer that cities need support with decision-making and using data effectively. The economic and social cost of urban decision making does prove the case for design of decision frameworks and establishment of data observatories to support Indian cities. Through this presentation, the author will highlight global case studies in which data observatories have facilitated smart decision making to reduce citywide and community risks to shocks and stresses. The author will also discuss the status of Indian cities and initiatives undertaken by the Indian national Government to promote data-informed decision making within urban governance.

Forums    Case studies    Framework

2

Webinars to Introduce DDI-CDI to the Global Data Community: Presentation, Recording and Useful Links

来源: CODATA, 2020/6/18

简介: CODATA collaborated with the DDI Foundation to assist in the presentation of a new draft specification, DDI-CDI (Cross Domain Integration) to the global data community.  We are looking for feedback and review of DDI-CDI and would like also to identify case studies to test and refine the specification for its purpose of helping to combine data from different sources, different data types and different domains.

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3

Register now: Webinar on writing an article with excellent supporting data

来源: CODATA, 2020/6/15

简介: Science requires evidence behind an assertion. As William Deming said, “without data, you’re just another person with an opinion.” So the argument in a research article must have some sort of evidence, i.e. data, behind it. But does the data support the article or does the article support the data? Both actually. It is the responsibility of the researcher to provide a package of evidence and argument in order to advance our understanding. This presentation will introduce ways to interconnect your article and data in ways that make them most readily understood and useful by others. Topics include how to prepare data for presentation, how to ensure the data are well stewarded, and how to provide fair credit and access to data through citation. It will also touch briefly on other research outputs like software and protocols.

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4

Webinar – Accounting for Everyone: Using Gridded Population Data For Sustainable Development

来源: CODATA, 2020/6/12

简介: The International Science Council joins the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network’s Thematic Research Network on Data and Statistics (SDSN TReNDS) and a panel of experts in a technical discussion on the use gridded population data in a variety of applications, including infectious disease and disaster response; survey planning; sea-level rise; water availability; and more. The webinar will also review several of the nuances of the various datasets presented in TReNDS’ newly released report, Leaving No One Off The Map: A Guide For Gridded Population Data For Sustainable Development.

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5

Webinars Introducing DDI-CDI (Cross Domain Integration) to a Global Audience

来源: CODATA, 2020/6/5

简介: The Data Documentation Initiative Alliance has recently announced the public review of their new specification, DDI – Cross Domain Integration (DDI-CDI).

Forums    Formats   

6

Alter-Value in Data Reuse: Non-Designated Communities and Creative Processes

来源: CODATA, 2020/5/22

简介: This paper builds on the investigation of data reuse in creative processes to discuss ‘epistemic pluralism’ and data ‘alter-value’ in research data management. Focussing on a specific non-designated community, we conducted semi-structured interviews with five artists in relation to five works. Data reuse is a critical component of all these works. The qualitative content analysis brings to light agonistic-antagonistic practices in data reuse and shows multiple deconstructions of the notion of data value as it is portrayed in the data reuse literature. Finally, the paper brings to light the benefits of including such practices in the conceptualization of data curation.

Conferences, Journals and other publications   Case studies  

7

EVER-EST: The Platform Allowing Scientists to Cross-Fertilize and Cross-Validate Data

来源: CODATA, 2020/5/8

简介: Over recent decades large amounts of data about our Planet have become available. If this information could be easily discoverable, accessible and properly exploited, preserved and shared, it would potentially represent a wealth of information for a whole spectrum of stakeholders: from scientists and researchers to the highest level of decision and policy makers. By creating a Virtual Research Environment (VRE) using a service oriented architecture (SOA) tailored to the needs of Earth Science (ES) communities, the EVER-EST (http://ever-est.eu) project provides a range of both generic and domain specific data analysis and management services to support a dynamic approach to collaborative research. EVER-EST provides the means to overcome existing barriers to sharing of Earth Science data and information allowing research teams to discover, access, share and process heterogeneous data, algorithms, results and experiences within and across their communities, including those domains beyond Earth Science. The main objective of this paper is to present the EVER-EST platform in all its components describing the most relevant use cases implemented by the Virtual Research Communities (VRCs) involved in the project.

Conferences, Journals and other publications    Systems or platforms   

8

ESA EO Data Preservation System

来源: CODATA, 2020/5/7

简介: The European Space Agency (ESA) has the mandate to assure the long-term preservation, sharing and exploitation of space data and its associated knowledge. ESA’s aim is to turn space exploration and space-related activities into an overall societal project involving a wide variety of stakeholders. To this end, it brings together and coordinates as many countries as possible under the banner of space missions. It is a basic principle that ESA deals with its stakeholders openly and with real transparency, an approach that has contributed to its long-term success. The Earth Observation (EO) Data Preservation System has the main objective of providing the required infrastructure and services to assure ESA and Third Party Missions (TPM) EO Data Records and Associated Knowledge preservation and accessibility, and to support the cooperation activities with national and international organizations in the data preservation domain. The generic “EO Missions/Sensors Preserved Dataset” content includes Data Records and Associated Knowledge.

Conferences, Journals and other publications   Systems or platforms  

9

Use of Available Data To Inform The COVID-19 Outbreak in South Africa: A Case Study

来源: CODATA, 2020/5/6

简介: To disseminate this information, the Data Science for Social Impact research group at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, has worked on curating and applying publicly available data in a way that is computer readable so that information can be shared to the public – using both a data repository and a dashboard. Through collaborative practices, a variety of challenges related to publicly available data in South Africa came to the fore. These include shortcomings in the accessibility, integrity, and data management practices between governmental departments and the South African public. In this paper, solutions to these problems will be shared by using a publicly available data repository and dashboard as a case study.

Conferences, Journals and other publications    Case studies   

10

Persistent Identification of Instruments

来源: CODATA, 2020/5/5

简介: Instruments play an essential role in creating research data. Given the importance of instruments and associated metadata to the assessment of data quality and data reuse, globally unique, persistent and resolvable identification of instruments is crucial. The Research Data Alliance Working Group Persistent Identification of Instruments (PIDINST) developed a community-driven solution for persistent identification of instruments which we present and discuss in this paper. Based on an analysis of 10 use cases, PIDINST developed a metadata schema and prototyped schema implementation with DataCite and ePIC as representative persistent identifier infrastructures and with HZB (Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie) and BODC (British Oceanographic Data Centre) as representative institutional instrument providers. These implementations demonstrate the viability of the proposed solution in practice. Moving forward, PIDINST will further catalyse adoption and consolidate the schema by addressing new stakeholder requirements.

Conferences, Journals and other publications   Key Techniques &Tools  

11

International FAIR Convergence Symposium 2020: Registration Now Open!

来源: CODATA, 2020/5/29

简介: The International FAIR Convergence Symposium is organised by CODATA and GO FAIR on 22-23 October 2020 in Paris. The two internationally recognized organisations will convene a global community with an interest in combining data across domains for a host of research issues – including major global challenges, such as those relating to the SDGs or the COVID-19 pandemic. Outcomes will directly inform the CODATA Decadal Programme ‘Making data work for cross-domain grand challenges’ and the GO FAIR community’s convergence towards bottom-up development of the Internet of FAIR data and services globally. The outcomes will address fundamental issues, such as an improved alignment with parallel and emerging data initiatives around the world and lessons learned during the current crisis (virus outbreak) in relation to international research data sharing and the role of FAIR.

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12

Webinar 4: Data Science: Trust building for effective data sharing pathways as the global community recovers from COVID-19

来源: CODATA, 2020/5/19

简介: Moving forward and recovering from our current global pandemic, a more inclusive and engaged approach to the collection and use of our data will be needed to ensure that we have the best possible information to hand as we forge our collective pathway out of this crisis. The recent debates over COVID tracker-apps in various countries show us that whether or not people trust their governments will be crucial to the effectiveness of such tracking tools. To be worthy of trust takes more than authority. Regardless of how cutting edge and valid expertise or data may be, without a foundation of trust and good relationships with our peers and the communities we hope to serve, it can prove difficult for others to accept new knowledge and change their behaviour. Trustbuilding forges the relationship needed to support the innovations and actions conducive to a community’s resilience and wellbeing: the more trust that is present, the more risk is accepted, and the more risk-enabled a community, the more resilient it can become. This webinar explores operating principles for demonstrating trustworthiness to the public and embedding trust-building practices within our data work.

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13

Correction: ‘Developing a Research Data Policy Framework for All Journals and Publishers

来源: CODATA, 2020/4/22

简介: This article details a correction to the article: Hrynaszkiewicz, I., Simons, N., Hussain, A., Grant, R. and Goudie, S., 2020. Developing a Research Data Policy Framework for All Journals and Publishers

Conferences, Journals and other publications    Framework   

14

Developing an Open Data Portal for the ESA Climate Change Initiative

来源: CODATA, 2020/4/6

简介: We introduce the rationale for, and architecture of, the European Space Agency Climate Change Initiative (CCI) Open Data Portal (http://cci.esa.int/data/). The Open Data Portal hosts a set of richly diverse datasets – 13 “Essential Climate Variables” – from the CCI programme in a consistent and harmonised form and to provides a single point of access for the (>100 TB) data for broad dissemination to an international user community. These data have been produced by a range of different institutions and vary across both scientific and spatio-temporal characteristics. This heterogeneity of the data together with the range of services to be supported presented significant technical challenges.

Conferences, Journals and other publications   Declarations or Initiatives or Alliances  

15

Digital Objects – FAIR Digital Objects: Which Services Are Required?

来源: CODATA, 2020/4/1

简介: Some of the early Research Data Alliance working groups reused the notion of digital objects as digital entities described by metadata and referenced by a persistent identifier. In recent times the FAIR principles became a prominent role as framework for the sustainability of scientific data. Both approaches had always machine actionability, the capability of computational systems to use services on data without human intervention, in their focus. The more technical approach of digital objects turned out to provide a complementary view on several aspects of the policy framework of FAIR from a technical perspective. After a deeper analysis and integration of these concepts by a group of European data experts the discussion intensified on so called FAIR digital objects. But they need to be accompanied by services as building blocks for automated processes. We will describe the components of this framework and its potentials here, and also which services inside this framework are required.

Conferences, Journals and other publications    Framework   

16

UNESCO Global Consultations on Open Science

来源: CODATA, 2020/4/29

简介: UNESCO has launched a global consultation on Open Science https://en.unesco.org/science-sustainable-future/open-science/consultation with a view to developing a standard-setting instrument in the form of a Recommendation, to be adopted by the UNESCO General Conference in November 2021.

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17

Dataset after Seven Years Simulating Hybrid Energy Systems with Homer Legacy

来源: CODATA, 2020/3/23

简介: Homer Legacy software is a well-known software for simulation of small hybrid systems that can be used for both design and research. This dataset is a set of files generated by Homer Legacy bringing the simulation results of hybrid energy systems over the last seven years, as a consequence of the research work led by Dr. Alexandre Beluco, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, in southern Brazil. The data correspond to twelve papers published in the last seven years. Two of them describe hydro PV hybrid systems with photovoltaic panels operating on the water surface of reservoirs. One of these twelve papers suggests the modeling of hydropower plants with reservoirs and the other the modeling of pumped hydro storage, and a third still uses these models in a place that could receive both the two types of hydroelectric power plant. The other simulated hybrid systems include wind turbines, diesel generators, batteries, among other components. This data article describes the files that integrate this dataset and the papers that have been published presenting the hybrid systems under study and discussing the results. The files that make up this dataset are available on Mendeley Data repository at https://doi.org/10.17632/ybxsttf2by.2.

Conferences, Journals and other publications    Case studies   

18

GIS Project ROSA: FAIR Principles in the Petroleum Industry

来源: CODATA, 2020/3/20

简介: The ROSA Project is focused on the investigations of oil and gas industry progress in Russia and other countries. The primary objective is to examine and evaluate data on worldwide hydrocarbon occurrences. Major aim is to construct a comprehensive map of the allocation of oil and gas fields with large reserves for further analogy estimation and reconstruction of geological history. The main contribution of this work is the development of a multidimensional and multilevel database and the corresponding GIS Project for visualization. The set of multidisciplinary backgrounds in combination with a spatial algorithmic tools are used as a basis for an analytical study of worldwide hydrocarbon occurrences and estimation establishment of petroleum industry.

Conferences, Journals and other publications   Programs  

19

MASER: A Science Ready Toolbox for Low Frequency Radio Astronomy

来源: CODATA, 2020/3/18

简介: MASER (Measurements, Analysis, and Simulation of Emission in the Radio range) is a comprehensive infrastructure dedicated to time-dependent low frequency radio astronomy (up to about 50 MHz). The main radio sources observed in this spectral range are the Sun, the magnetized planets (Earth, Jupiter, Saturn), and our Galaxy, which are observed either from ground or space. Ground observatories can capture high resolution data streams with a high sensitivity. Conversely, space-borne instruments can observe below the ionospheric cut-off (at about 10 MHz) and can be placed closer to the studied object. Several tools have been developed in the last decade for sharing space physics data. Data visualization tools developed by various institutes are available to share, display and analyse space physics time series and spectrograms. The MASER team has selected a sub-set of those tools and applied them to low frequency radio astronomy. MASER also includes a Python software library for reading raw data from agency archives.

Conferences, Journals and other publications    Key Techniques &Tools   

20

Experimental Data of Muon Hodoscope URAGAN for Investigations of Geoffective Processes in the Heliosphere

来源: CODATA, 2020/3/16

简介: Muon hodoscope URAGAN continuously detects the angular distribution of muons in a wide range of zenith angles and allows one to obtain information about variations, both in the intensity and in angular characteristics of the muon flux, caused by active processes in the heliosphere, the magnetosphere and atmosphere of the Earth. Various parameters of the muon flux anisotropy and methods of calculation of these parameters are discussed. Real-time processing of a continuous flow of multidimensional data from the muon hodoscope URAGAN is quite a challenge. In the article, methods of formation and primary analysis of the data, their processing in real time and obtaining time series of various parameters of integral counting rate and angular anisotropy of the muon flux, which are important for the physical analysis of modulation processes of cosmic rays in the heliosphere, are presented.

Conferences, Journals and other publications   Key Techniques &Tools  

21

Risk Assessment for Scientific Data

来源: CODATA, 2020/3/12

简介: Ongoing stewardship is required to keep data collections and archives in existence. Scientific data collections may face a range of risk factors that could hinder, constrain, or limit current or future data use. Identifying such risk factors to data use is a key step in preventing or minimizing data loss. This paper presents an analysis of data risk factors that scientific data collections may face, and a data risk assessment matrix to support data risk assessments to help ameliorate those risks. The goals of this work are to inform and enable effective data risk assessment by: a) individuals and organizations who manage data collections, and b) individuals and organizations who want to help to reduce the risks associated with data preservation and stewardship. The data risk assessment framework presented in this paper provides a platform from which risk assessments can begin, and a reference point for discussions of data stewardship resource allocations and priorities.

Conferences, Journals and other publications    Assessment   

22

How Do People Make Relevance Judgment of Scientific Data?

来源: CODATA, 2020/3/9

简介: Many efforts have been made to explore user relevance judgment for documents, images, web pages and music in the field of information retrial. However, there is a lack of attention to scientific data even when scientists and researchers are facing an increasing data deluge. In this study, we carried out a two-phase (first exploratory and then empirical) research to explore relevance judgment patterns of scientific data users. In the exploratory study, we interviewed 23 subjects who participated in a national competition related to scientific data. Five relevance criteria (RC) and seven paths of their usage were identified by content analysis of the transcribed records of the interview. Based on the results of the first phase, seven hypotheses were proposed and verified by partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM). The study identified five RC, i.e. topicality, accessibility, authority, quality and usefulness used by scientific data users. Three patterns were identified including 1) data topicality judgment as the first step or starting point, 2) data reliability judgment as the necessary process and 3) data utility judgment as final purpose. These findings provide new understanding of relevance judgement and behaviours of scientific data users, and could benefit the design for cognitive retrieval systems and algorithms specific to scientific data.

Conferences, Journals and other publications   Case studies  

23

Developing a Research Data Policy Framework for All Journals and Publishers

来源: CODATA, 2020/2/21

简介: More journals and publishers – and funding agencies and institutions – are introducing research data policies. But as the prevalence of policies increases, there is potential to confuse researchers and support staff with numerous or conflicting policy requirements. We define and describe 14 features of journal research data policies and arrange these into a set of six standard policy types or tiers, which can be adopted by journals and publishers to promote data sharing in a way that encourages good practice and is appropriate for their audience’s perceived needs. Policy features include coverage of topics such as data citation, data repositories, data availability statements, data standards and formats, and peer review of research data. These policy features and types have been created by reviewing the policies of multiple scholarly publishers, which collectively publish more than 10,000 journals, and through discussions and consensus building with multiple stakeholders in research data policy via the Data Policy Standardisation and Implementation Interest Group of the Research Data Alliance. Implementation guidelines for the standard research data policies for journals and publishers are also provided, along with template policy texts which can be implemented by journals in their Information for Authors and publishing workflows. We conclude with a call for collaboration across the scholarly publishing and wider research community to drive further implementation and adoption of consistent research data policies.

Conferences, Journals and other publications    Framework   

24

Digital Repository of Ireland Early Career Research Award 2020

来源: DPC, 2020/6/24

简介: The Digital Repository of Ireland invites early career researchers to apply for our annual Research Award. This Award grants a prize to an original piece of research (e.g. research done for Master’s or PhD thesis, article or publication) informed in whole, or in part, by objects/collections deposited in DRI. Unpublished research will also be considered, as long as the work is intended for eventual publication.

Conferences, Journals and other publications     

25

Digital Preservation Awards launched for 2020

来源: DPC, 2020/6/1

简介: The search for the very best work in digital preservation across all sectors has begun again this year, with the launch of the 2020 Digital Preservation Awards!

Conferences, Journals and other publications      

26

Registration open for June events: Advocacy Training, Connecting the Bits and Digital Preservation Futures Procurement Event

来源: DPC, 2020/5/27

简介: This training workshop takes place online over the course of a day; as a series of presentations, interactive discussions and self-study. Aimed at helping provide attendees with skills and ideas for identifying stakeholders and champions required to affect change, it includes ways to showcase digital preservation as an indispensable service within an organization and provides resources to help support organizational advocacy activities.

Conferences, Journals and other publications     

27

Jisc and Preservica Webinar: Using open APIs to build your institution’s digital preservation ecosystem

来源: DPC, 2020/5/25

简介: Hear from expert practitioners at St George’s, University of London, on their experience of using tools and systems from Preservica and Jisc and the importance of ensuring data managed in academic institutions is curated, preserved and kept accessible.

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28

Latest SCA Podcast released with John Pelan and William Kilbride

来源: DPC, 2020/6/5

简介: In the latest SCA Podcast, John Pelan, Director of the Scottish Council on Archives and William Kilbride, Executive Director of the Digital Preservation Coalition, discuss issues of authenticity, digital preservation, and the role of the record keeper during the COVID-19 crisis.

Forums     

29

Preservica webinar: Preservation in real time - 13th May

来源: DPC, 2020/5/6

简介: In this day and age learning from the wider archival community is more important than ever. There is a critical need and opportunity to capture COVID-19 pandemic materials and in the past weeks, DPC Supporter Preservica has launched the #ourcovid19story initiative to assist archivists in sharing what materials are being captured and preserved and why this is important to their institution and the communities they serve.

Forums      

30

Digital Preservation Futures Webinar Series 2020: Registration now open for DPC Members

来源: DPC, 2020/4/22

简介: Registration is now open for our annual ‘Digital Preservation Futures’ members-only webinar series. Starting on 12th May, this series will showcase the current product and service offerings of each of our DPC Supporters and will accompany our ‘Connecting the Bits’ Members Unconference and associated event ‘A Guide to Digital Preservation Procurement: Launch Event, Workshop and Briefing,’ both of which will be held online on 23rd and 24th June.

Forums     

31

Upcoming webinar (April 17): encoded archival standards update from TS-EAS

来源: DPC, 2020/4/1

简介: The Society of American Archivists’ Technical Subcommittee for Encoded Archival Standards (TS-EAS) is hosting a brief webinar on Friday, April 17 to provide an update on work related to maintaining and updating Encoded Archival Description (EAD) and Encoded Archival Context - Corporate bodies, Persons and Families (EAC-CPF), as well as the development of future companion standards. 

Forums    Standarts   

32

iPRES 2020 will be postponed to Oct.19-22, 2021, Beijing

来源: DPC, 2020/3/31

简介: "The Organizing Committee of the iPRES2020 Conference, after consultation with the iPRES Steering Group, the iPRES2021 and the iPRES2022 hosts, and after approved by the Steering Group, has decided to postpone iPRES2020 to Oct.19-22, 2021, to be held in Beijing, China.

Conferences, Journals and other publications     

33

'Building a Digital Future : Challenges & Solutions for Preserving 3D Models' - Online Event

来源: DPC, 2020/3/24

简介: We are pleased to confirm that our planned Briefing Day; 'Building a Digital Future : Challenges & Solutions for Preserving 3D Models' will take place on 30th April 2020 as originally advertised but will now be delivered as an online event.

Forums